Country names

Country Names

Summary

A synthesis spreadsheet of the codes is provided HERE (GCMD not included)

Country Names - Greg Reed's PPT Presentation

Issue GCMD ICES/IOC ISO (ISO Former) NODC WOD WWW
No. of States N/A 198 244 (29) 200 141 249
Coding Schema None; names of geographic locations in hierarchical fashion, in these major categories:

CONTINENTS

REGIONS

OCEANS

SOLID EARTH

SPACE

VERTICAL LOCATION

Sequential numbers to 99, followed by 2-letter codes A two-letter code which is recommended as the general purpose code, a three-letter code which has better mnenomic properties and a numeric-3 code which can be useful if script independence of the codes is important. The two-letter codes are considered here.

 

Very similar to ICES/IOC Very similar to ICES/IOC and NODC, but omits many landlocked states 2-letter codes, almost identical to ISO
Code Re-Cycling N/A N/A ISO code deprecation practices moving from ISO3166-1 to 3166-3 need to be documented (3166-1 2-byte code replaced by a 3166-3 4-byte code then the 2-byte code is recycled e.g. CS Czechoslovakia to Serbia and Montenegro to �available for reuse�)." N/A N/A N/A
Content Governance Standard GCMD BODC-served list, taken from the ICES web site. ICES had assumed governance from IODE GETADE until Harry Dooley relinquished RNODC-Formats. Since then it has been formally ungoverned. Unclear whether it is systematically maintained now. Very formal procedures described for each ISO number Internal/Informal Internal/informal Formal procedures under the W3C?

Primary Standards for Consideration

  1. GCMD - From http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/Resources/valids/location.html
  2. ICES - From http://www.ices.dk
  3. IOC - From http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/client/vocabServer.jsp
  4. ISO - First published in 1974, it is has since then become one of the world's most popular and most widely used standard solution for coding country names.
    1. ISO 3166: Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions
      1. Table - From http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/client/vocabServer.jsp - covers 244 entities.
      2. Publisher: http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166_code_lists.htm
    2. ISO 3166-3: Code for formerly used names of countries
      1. Table - From http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/client/vocabServer.jsp -
      2. Publisher: http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/iso_3166-3.htm

Additional Resources

  1. NODC - From http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/General/NODC-datafmts.html
  2. WOD - From http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/WOD05/codes05.html

References

  1. Wikipedia: Internet List of [WWW] Top-Level Domains - From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Internet_top-level_domains

User Login